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India is poised to witness a phenomenal change with the Indian government having taken up the Digital India initiative. The initiative to turn the country into a digital economy has seen a lot of buzz; Digital Locker, Demonetisation and the successive promotion of digital wallets have opened the floodgates to endless possibilities. These moves have triggered a fresh wave of economic growth, attracting more investment, and creating new jobs across multiple sectors.

Yet, the boon comes at a great risk as it poses a big cybersecurity challenge. As we all know, cybersecurity in India has nothing to boast about and this move towards a digital economy can aggravate the situation further. An increasing amount of consumer and citizen data will be stored digitally and a large number of transactions will be carried out online, leaving the cyberspace a cesspool of viable data for malicious people to attack.

Cyber criminals are not only targeting big corporate houses - government agencies, banks, and research institutes are also in a state of constant vigil with frequent cases of hacking and spying. This calls for a more robust framework for cybersecurity, something that the information technology (IT) security market is trying to facilitate. This makes cybersecurity a lucrative career option at the moment, generating a large number of jobs. From engineers to lawyers, project managers to auditors, everyone has a role to play in growing this industry.

Industries that are in dire need of cybersecurity

The requirement for qualified cyber security professionals is becoming challenging for enterprises as enterprises now demand an in-house army of cyber security specialists. BFSI, retail, manufacturing, healthcare companies are willing to pay great capital in order to rope in some of the specialised professionals for aim to build a greater defence.

Cybersecurity experts

There can be a diverse range of professionals who work full-time in the core areas of cybersecurity - forensics, incident response, software security etc and the Data Security Council of India has done a commendable job of creating a list of opportunities available for such experts. Cybersecurity throws up new challenges every minute and to keep up with them, the curricula needs to be refreshed often by placing the talents in the right hands. Therefore, universities and research institutes are best suited to hone this kind of skillset. A plethora of universities (public and private) now offer graduate-level programmes in specific areas of cybersecurity with the full support of the government. 

Scope of Ethical Hacking

When they say evil can be defeated by good, they also mean in the terms of real life issues. With the growing number of hacking threats, it is becoming difficult for companies to protect their critical data and systems.  This has created a huge demand for counter action in the form of ethical hackers who can help in securing operations while offering organisations a third person view of their state of security systems. Simply put, ethical hacking is a practice of testing organisational security through controlled attempts to break into a company’s security system and expose the loop holes. These gifted individuals use a series of tests such as penetration testing, vulnerability testing, etc. to comprehend the integrity and confidentiality of the company’s data, while testing for the accessibility and availability of the information.

Cyber-aware professionals

Apart from enlisting such experts, organisations are striving to create an engaging environment where every working individual is armed with a basic level of cybersecurity awareness. This includes looking into pain points such as maintaining password hygiene and understanding data sensitivity. The aim is to help the workforce take the onus of security in their own hands, without any extra expenditure, while grooming professionals who can protect themselves and their organisations using best practices on a day-to-day basis.

Attractive salary

The digital faction is said to clock in a handsome amount of pay with cybersecurity sitting in the plum of remuneration. Several studies state that cyber security professionals earn better than other IT personnel, making it a lucrative vocation. A career in cyber security comes with a fetching salary, job security and better opportunities for professional growth at a quicker pace. It is said that an average cyber security professional in India earns around Rs 7.8 lakh annually - a lump sum to contend with.

The growth graph

When it comes to growth, one shouldn’t worry as A NASSCOM report suggests a growing need for cyber security professionals in India. Cyber security consultancies are set to witness a sharp growth in the near future, creating a large number of jobs in the market. And with all the digital development taking place at breakneck speed, this ongoing flush of digital proficiency is bound to witness an unfathomable growth. It is safe to say, the tide of cyber security has just begun. In future there will be cyber war and it will be without nuclear weapons. This will bring a lot of job opportunities for cybersecurity experts.

The author is Ashish Agarwal, founder, WORKNRBY – online job portal for jobs nearby.
After completing education, it is a huge challenge to make a career choice. Nowadays, besides the stereotypical mainstream careers, several unconventional career paths are opening up for the young graduates. Today, career options are not limited to Engineering or Medical streams only.

Talking about new career options, the fashion industry is not behind. In the fashion segment, makeup plays an important role. Likewise, in the entertainment industry, people are eager to look beautiful in any which way. The entertainment or fashion industry is growing fast, so a career in makeup artistry is competitive and successful in the current scenario. A makeup artist can grow gracefully if he or she gets the proper guidance. Simply put, makeup improves your impression, brings out the inner colour and hides flaws.

A true makeup artist uses cosmetic skills to beautify the human body. Makeup can make you look beautiful as well as appear like a ghost. The ghosts, the zombies, we see in movies, are all created using Special Effects (SFX) Makeup. SFX Makeup Artistry is a recognised profession in India, and an increasingly sought-after career option, since Beauty Makeup professionals are already present in umpteen numbers.

Special Effects Makeup is also called Prosthetic Makeup. A makeup artist that does SFX Makeup should have a wide perception in general. These artists use their skills to make extraordinary effects on the human body.

SFX Products & Application

Special Effects Makeup makes use of certain products, called SFX or Prosthetic products, like wax, latex, artex, bald cap, etc. The look of a certain creature or character that requires creation of texture and dimension is what could be achieved by the use of SFX products and could be termed as Special Effects Makeup.

SFX products are very much unlike beauty products and their application requires specific skills, and understanding of the products and ingredients. SFX products are generally made up of wax, latex and silicon of different grades and quality.


There are numerous openings in the Special Effects Makeup industry. Nowadays, SFX Makeup can be extremely impressive and realistic. This profession not only offers a specialised career option, but also an opportunity to display your ultimate artistic entrepreneurial spirit. It offers a huge scope in theatre, television, film & fashion industry, concept shoots with photographers, themed shows for designers, ramp makeup, and character events like Halloween to name a few.

Skills Required

Special Effects Makeup artists should be able to think out-of-the-box. If you can improvise well, you can create your own phenomena. Specific skills required to specialise in SFX Makeup are as follows:

- Keen real-life observation
- Immense patience
- Ingenuity in using the products in various combinations
- Artistic excellence in replicating a real-life or virtual effect

A prospective SFX Makeup artist must maintain a high-level of professionalism and be able to work in a high-pressure situation. Excellent knowledge of the beauty industry and keeping up-to-date with the trends are must-have skills for this sector. Another mandatory factor is the acceptance to work flexible hours.Course Content

Some basic topics covered under Special Effects Makeup are:
● Cuts
● Wounds
● Burn Effects
● Casualty Effects
● Old Age
● Bald Cap
● Blood Tubing

Job Responsibilities & Challenges

A SFX Makeup artist is the individual behind a character you see on screen. The character is brought to life through the makeup. Hence, a makeup artist is greatly responsible for the look. Exhaustive pre-preparation time to create molds and sculpts, long working hours, monotonous in-the-process job, and tedious detailing requirement are some of the job characteristics of a SFX Makeup artist. These could be considered challenges or could make an interesting story for an artist who loves his/her job.

Other job responsibilities would include studying the script thoroughly to understand the requirements of the look, and sketching different options for a look to figure out the best one. Additionally, removing the makeup after the performance/event constitutes an important part of the job. Giving advice to clients about hygiene before/after applying makeup is also a part of the job.


Art needs no eligibility, but needs that particular bent of mind. However, anybody who possesses a basic understanding of sketching or contouring, definitely has an upper hand. A candidate must have a Diploma or Certificate in Professional Makeup and/or Cosmetology. Completing a specialised course in Special Effects (SFX) Makeup is a must to portray employability. Analytical, decision-making and verbal communication skills are the core capabilities that SFX Makeup artists are expected to master.


Remuneration is highly subjective to an individual’s skills and extensiveness of a certain project. There aren’t many artists working in this specific genre of makeup, hence, creative individuals with a good skills set are paid handsomely. The job of makeup artists in this field is highly dependent on the weight of projects they are allotted. Remuneration also depends on the workplace they choose. Sectors such as motion pictures and video industries offer the best salaries to SFX Makeup artists. At the start of the career, makeup artists may not be able to draw a great salary but they can earn more with increasing experience. The starting salary is between Rs. 12,000 and Rs. 15,000 per month. Those who are hired for a particular advertising campaign can make Rs. 2,000 to Rs. 3,000 per day. Artists having 3 to 5 years of experience in this field, may earn a salary of up to Rs. 40,000 per month.

It is seen that a career in Special Effects (SFX) Makeup Artistry is quite fulfilling for candidates who have an imaginative urge. They interpret the makeup requirements of clients to produce a creative and technically precise visual portrayal.

The author is Nalin Verma, co-founder & director, Euro Chroma Institute of Cosmetology (ECIC).

With the improvisation of technology and the introduction of innovative new methods, Cosmetology has become one of the most popular treatments which can cure skin, hair and nails related complications effortlessly. Due to erratic changes in climate, pollution, stress, unbalanced diet, stationary lifestyle, the fleeting pace of life, the impact of the latest gadgets and effective drugs, not only aged people and women, but youngsters are also facing problems such as bags under eyes, reduced muscle tone, premature wrinkles, deteriorating circulation, smile lines, etc.  Cosmetology can effectively address these problems and help you look your best in all seasons.

Cosmetology is one of the most exciting career options in the beauty industry. It involves a lot of research to understand customer needs and requires specific skills to resolve a particular problem. Cosmetology is a unique field where not only women, but men can also venture and be successful.

Skills Required

Professional skills are a must to be successful in a career in Cosmetology. Clients rely on the strengths and skills of their cosmetologists to make them look their best. Thus, a cosmetologist needs to be educated, stylish and authoritative to win and retain a considerable amount of trust. While training, a Diploma or a Certificate is a must for cosmetologists, but having the right qualities and confidence level can make or break a career. A cosmetologist beautifies and gives a new look through hair and makeup design. Being naturally creative is important, because cosmetologists must envision hairstyles on their clients or should be able to customise a style provided to them.

Customer Service

Cosmetologists should maintain excellent relationships with customers since a large part of their business relies on word of mouth and repeat visits of customers. They need to spend a substantial amount of time with their clients to understand their exact needs, so good communication skills are extremely important. Cosmetologists must listen to the exact needs of their clients and deliver those as per their specific request.

Technical Skills

For technical skills, an aspirant must enroll in an institute offering specialised courses pertaining to Cosmetology. These programmes are available through vocational training courses which include makeup, beauty, hair, spa and nails courses.


A cosmetologist must have the physical capability to stand for long periods of time. In addition, cosmetologists are required to do some repetitive activities such as blowing and drying hair, holding arms of customers in a fixed position while styling, among others. So they must possess strong physical capabilities and a steady hand.


While styling and cutting customers’ hair, manual and finger dexterity skills help cosmetologists to make calculated and co-ordinated moves. Cosmetologists must be able to grasp, manipulate and assemble items and handle small objects.


The career possibilities in the beauty industry are endless. This industry offers several avenues for cosmetologists to excel and grow. The field of Cosmetology offers lucrative earnings through experience and reputation. Trained cosmetologists can get jobs in well known beauty parlours, high-end salons, and luxurious hotels and resorts. Makeup professionals are always in demand in the television and film industries. Also, they are in demand in the world of fashion. Other options include being an image consultant, writing books or articles and teaching. Other options for those who hold a training and a license in cosmetology are:

Fashion Stylist

Fashion stylists are always in demand in the global fashion arena. For editorial features, print or television advertising campaigns, music videos, concert performances and other public appearances, the clothes and accessories for celebrities, models or public figures are selected by fashion stylists. They are an integral part of a creative team that comprises fashion designers, photographers, hair stylists and makeup artists during the execution of a specific project.

Editorial & Advertising Stylist

An editorial/advertising stylist prepares models for photo shoots in commercial and editorial projects. One can easily start styling independently after building up a great portfolio while working in an agency. These stylists must be very versatile, organised, and have a creative vision in implementing a variety of styles and looks as per the requirement of the campaign.

Platform Artist

The platform stylists are in high demand in the beauty industry. A platform artist is a rock star among hairdressers. Platform artists perform on stage to promote styling techniques, tools or products through entertainment and communication, mostly at industry trade shows.

Celebrity & Personality Stylist

Celebrity or personality stylist is a recognised profession in the beauty and fashion industry. Besides being a wardrobe stylist, a celebrity stylist also needs to be an accomplished fashion stylist, who selects the clothing for publishing editorial features, print or television advertising campaigns, music videos, concert performances, and other public appearances made by celebrities, salon models or other public figures.

Salon Creative Director

These are the professionals who provide the vision and creative direction to a salon or a beauty company. They need to be innovative in creating new hairstyles, colors and techniques that can be used as “new trends” in the forthcoming season. So, artistic directors need to be visionaries and fashion forward individuals with a creative mind. They need to be trend-conscious, good communicators and be able to manage multi-tasking assignments.


A hair stylist, sometimes called a hairdresser or beautician, cuts, colors, bleaches and styles hair. A hair stylist may also provide permanent waves or straightening of hair. Before working on a client, hair stylists analyse hair texture and recommend a style to the customer.

Nail Technician

This is a unique profession wherein the beauty specialist is responsible for grooming and enhancing the appearance of a client's nails through nail shaping, manicures, pedicures, cuticle grooming, callus removal, synthetic nail treatments, application of nail polish, etc.

Salon or Spa Manager

The owners or managers of a salon or spa are usually responsible for daily banking, budgeting, expenditures and other financial duties. These can range from managing petty cash for small maintenance tasks around the shop to managing payroll and overseeing employees’ reports. They also need to conduct personalised communication with the customers for building long-term relationships.


A beautician is an individual who works in a salon, and is trained in providing many types of beauty and personal care services, from manicures to brow designing, waxing to makeup applications.

Wedding and Event Stylist

A wedding and event stylist is a professional who conceptualises and executes the theme, design, plan and management of a client's wedding. Weddings are significant events in people's lives and as such, couples are often willing to spend a considerable amount of money to ensure that their weddings are well organised.

Makeup Artist

A makeup artist is a professional who helps to transfigure or escalate the appearance of a client.  Professional and well-known makeup artists can also serve as columnists and editors for beauty and style magazines.


Estheticians are often known as skincare specialists. They are experts in scalp massage treatments, light therapy, waxing/threading/hair removal, facials, masks and wraps, makeup application, pore cleansing, body scrubs, moisturising treatments, acne treatments, etc.

Tips for getting hired

As a fresher, a candidate should have a basic level of understanding of what the beauty industry does and how it works. Understanding of beauty products, and new trends and techniques is a plus point for those looking for a job. Some valuable tips for getting hired in this profession are as follows:

1. A candidate must have completed a Certificate or Diploma course from a certified cosmetology institute or school.

2. If you are skilled enough to work as a professional under different circumstances, you are eligible to get a job. Prior experience is helpful, but not necessary. A candidate should rather be passionate and flexible towards his / her profession.

3. Attitude goes a long way too. A candidate who demonstrates "confidence" always has an advantage in getting a job in any stream of the beauty industry.

4. There are many beauty institutes and schools but aspirants should check the quality and facilities provided for practical training, certifications offered, training modules, faculty and post training employment opportunities, before enrolling for a course in an institute.

Educational Qualifications

There is no formal educational qualification required to become a cosmetologist, but the industry requires candidates to complete education from a recognised school or institute of Cosmetology, and be over 16 years of age. There are various diplomas and other courses with specialisations that may result in earning an Associate degree. Many polytechnics and vocational institutes offer courses in Beauty Care/Cosmetology. Most people in this field continue to take courses that help them stay in line with the latest trends. Cosmetologists are required to complete training at a certified cosmetology institute or school to get licensed. Most cosmetology schools follow their own unique curriculum and course schedule.


The compensation package depends largely on the specific stream of profession chosen by a candidate. In India, a fresher can start at Rs. 1.5 to 2 lakhs per annum as a starting salary. With a professional degree, they can expect a starting salary of Rs. 50,000 per month.

The author is Nalin Verma, co-founder & director, Euro Chroma Institute of Cosmetology (ECIC), the only institute in India supported by Kryolan Professional Makeup.
Hospitality is one of the fastest growing industries in the world today. According to the Ernst & Young report, Global Hospitality Industry Insights 2016, the hospitality industry is going to be the single largest employer globally, contributing 1 among 11 jobs generated. The World Travel & Tourism Council calculated that tourism generated 8.31 lakh crore (US$120 billion) or 6.3 percent of the nation's GDP in 2015 and supported 37.315 million jobs, 8.7 percent of its total employment. The sector is predicted to grow at an average annual rate of 7.5 percent to 18.36 lakh crore (US$270 billion) by 2025 (7.2 percent of GDP). This makes India one of the fastest growing tourism industries over the next decade.


With the Ministry of Tourism (MoT), Government of India targeting over 12 percent growth rate in inbound as well as domestic tourists, it has been projected that the tourism sector will generate additional jobs for about 2.5 crore people, both directly and indirectly, during the period 2010-16 (12thPlan). And this number is going to increase with new hotels and resorts cropping up every year as a result of India creating a big name for itself on the tourism map. It is no wonder then that enterprising youngsters have been lining up for hospitality and hotel management related courses at institutes across the country. And the need for a world-class institute in India has never been stronger. Professional hospitality institutes are churning out well qualified professionals every year. Trained professionals, of course, have an advantage over untrained graduates as hotels would rather not invest in training of new recruits.

The hospitality arena in India is not only growing rapidly, but it has developed into a multi-faceted industry. There has been a rapid growth in the development of India’s airline sector. Indians are travelling more as compared to the past because of better connectivity and ease of flying. There has also been an increase in foreign tourist arrivals. With an advancement in technology, hotel rooms can now be booked with a click of a button. From budget hotels to five star properties and home stays to boutique resorts, there is something for every traveller. There is a growing awareness of international hospitality standards and people are demanding high quality services in hotels and restaurants. Social and digital media also gives them a platform to review offerings and express their dissatisfaction. There are several international brands and chains that have entered the local market. And with competition being high, customers are spoiled for choice.

In terms of human resources, this industry experiences a high turnover of skilled people. Moreover, trained hospitality professionals are absorbed by many multi-national companies including banks and IT firms.

Embarking on a career in hospitality can be hugely rewarding. Being a service based industry; an aspirant needs to possess great people skills and the willingness to work hard in order to build a successful career in the hospitality sector. Being a people intensive sector, the hospitality industry is in constant need of people. However candidates opting for this sector have to go through a rigorous training programme to be able to cope with the exacting standards and its growing demands. One particular institute that offers several short term courses and a degree course in hospitality is the V. M. Salgaocar Institute of International Hospitality Education (VMSIIHE), Raia. The Bachelors of Science in International Hospitality Management is an intensive three year programme designed to equip students with all the necessary technical, operational and management skills required by the international hospitality industry.

Candidates who have passed standard 10 from a recognised board in India or any other country are eligible to apply for the three year degree course at VMSIIHE. The programme includes financial management, event management, an internship, research methods and mock interviews. All the courses offered at VMSIIHE are affiliated to the Goa University and the curriculum is focused on the demands of the industry. The state-of-the-art campus features a training kitchen, restaurant, and an attached training hotel, which ensures students are equipped with the right set of skills demanded by the industry. VMSIIHE places their students in starred hotels in India and abroad.

While the opportunities are ample, students need to evaluate their aptitude for a career in hospitality before jumping right in. Candidate must be willing to work in various areas of operation as the profession may require that an employee be asked to work in management, food and beverage service, housekeeping, front office operation, sales and marketing, accounting or any other department depending upon the specific requirement.

Depending on their areas of interest and training, students can work in the areas of hotel and restaurant management, airline catering and cabin service, club management, cruise ship hotel management, hotel and tourism associations, forest lodges and guest houses, catering institutes and even set up an entrepreneurial venture of their own. With ample opportunities for advancement in this field, students that start careers in cafes, bars and lounges will soon find themselves on the fast track towards managerial levels which include taking up the position of a General Manager, Rooms Division Manager, Food & Beverage Manager, Sales & Marketing Manager, Chef and Restaurant Manager. Hospitality students also have an opportunity to build careers in various other sectors including the banking industry, IT industry, food chains, institutions, hospitals and industries that have their own cafeteria facilities and require hospitality professionals.


The hospitality industry overall provides a diverse range of experiences. It is often considered as one of the most exciting career avenues, but there is a lot of work and effort involved behind the scenes. However, with the positive growth of this industry, students with an inclination towards this career have a bright future ahead. 


The author is Professor Irfan S. Mirza, CHE, director and principal, V.M. Salgaocar Institute of International Hospitality Education (VMSIIHE)-Goa.