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The career opportunities in the field of cosmetology is boundless as everyone wants to look good and attractive and it is the cosmetologists who can help them achieve their desire. A career in cosmetology can take to a variety of professions in the beauty industry. Cosmetology is the study of beauty treatment.It is the medical science which focuses on making people look good. Cosmetology comprises many branches which include treatments for face, hair, body, beauty therapy and overall health care.

In India, cosmetology is turning out to be a multibillion-dollar industry with scope for a huge amount of employment opportunities in beauty culture. A cosmetologist provides beauty services that include cosmetic care for hair, skin, and body. The field of cosmetology includes various occupations such as hair stylist and hairdresser, beautician, skin care specialist, aesthetician, and nail technician, among others.

Scope:

The career possibilities in the beauty industry is never-ending. The industry offers various careers for these professionals to grow and excel. It is a beneficial career option with earnings increasing with experience and reputation. Well paid jobs are offered to trained cosmetologists in high-end salons, beauty parlors and in luxurious hotels/resorts. Television and film industries always need makeup professionals. Also, they are always in demand in the world of fashion. Other options are authoring books on beauty, being an image consultant or a teacher.

Skills required:

Clients depend on the skills of their cosmetologists to make them look their best. This considerable amount of trust requires a cosmetologist to be educated, stylish and authoritative. Having the right qualities is what will make or break a career so schooling and a license are must for cosmetologists.This profession seeks for a set of skills that every cosmetologist should hold such as:

-Good consultation and communication skills.

-Creativeness

-Stamina

-Dexterity

-Understanding of the effects of different beauty products.

-Proper knowledge about Physiology of the skin, hair and nails.

-Correct knowledge of Chemistry of color and color theory

Eligibility

To make a career in the industry, you will need to attend a cosmetology school and be atleast 16 years of age. The field of cosmetology does not require any former formal qualifications. There are various diploma and other brief courses with the option of advance specialization in diverse fields like beauty therapy, makeup, hair styling, massage, nail art, facials, tattoos, aromatherapy, trichology, electrolysis, and herbal beauty care. Many women vocational and polytechnics institutes offer recognised courses in beauty care/cosmetology.

-Diploma Courses (6 month to 1 year):
-Diploma in Cosmetology
-Diploma in Makeup
-Diploma in Hair Dressing
-Diploma in Fashion Media Make up
-Certificate Courses (3 to 6 Month):
-Certificate Course in Herbal Beauty and Therapy
-Certificate course in Beauty Culture
-Certificate Course in Massage Therapy

Master Courses (1 year)
PG Diploma in Cosmetology (PGDC)

Remuneration

Cosmetology has emerged as a completely new field, flourishing at an amazing speed in recent years in India as well as in foreign counties. Subsequently, there has been a phenomenal rise in demand for skilled professionals in this field. A trained and licensed professional in cosmetology can expect a starting salary of Rs 50,000 per month with a cosmetic setup.

Top colleges/universities in India for Cosmetology:

National and Regional Vocational Training Institutes for Women (Ministry of Labour, Govt. of India) in Delhi, Noida, Allahabad, Mumbai, Kolkata, Vadodra, Hissar, Indore, Trivandrum, Tura. YWCA centers in major cities

Habib's Hair Academy, branches and franchises across the country

VLCC Institute of Beauty, Health & Management, branches across the country

Shahnaz Husain's Women's World International, branches and franchises across the country


The author is Dr. Naresh Arora, founder of Chase Aromatherapy Cosmetics and Skincare Institute
 
The modern age can be referred to as the age of communication. The communication industry and technology has bloomed in the past few years. The world, because of advancement in the communication technology, has been unified as a whole beyond question. This is where Mass Communication has digged into the situation, throwing up brilliant and unconventional career opportunities for the aspiring students who are looking forward to working in the dynamic roles offered by this sector. Mass Communication includes an integral component - Journalism. Although, Journalism constitutes a large chunk of Mass Communication, the latter is not limited to Journalism alone.

Talking about Mass Communication that works predominantly on mass media, is the reality of the modern world covering all aspects of human life. Students can explore to the farthest levels of their creativity working as a media person or journalist as that value flows from its purpose, to provide people with verified information they can use to make better decisions. It also brings along the most important and systematic process of discipline of verification that journalists use to find not just the facts, but also the truth about the facts.

What makes journalism different from other forms of communication?

The theory of the interlocking public

The splintering of mass media audiences and the migration of information to thousands of niche web sites catering to audiences in bulk is further evidence that everyone is interested, and expert, in something. The diversity and magnitude of the public, in fact, is its strength. A mix of publics is usually much wiser than a public comprised of just the elite or one segment of special interest.

The wisdom of decision-making by an interlocking public is embedded in the notion that government by the people means citizens have the duty to keep themselves informed. This vision of governance is central to the notion that journalism has to be pluralistic.

Discipline of verification

Journalists often describe the essence of their work as finding and presenting the facts and also the truth about the facts. The Elements of Journalism have a scientific approach to get the right facts. Called the Discipline of Verification, its intellectual foundation rests on three core concepts of transparency, humility and originality.

Transparency means show your work so readers can decide for themselves why they should believe it. The journalist’s job is to provide information in such a way that people can assess it and then make up their own minds what to think. By giving the audience the background on how you arrived at a certain conclusion, you allow them to replicate the process for themselves.

Humility refers to keeping an open mind. Being in this field, one needs to keep an open mind not only about what they hear but also about their own ability to understand what it means. A career like journalism welcomes utmost modesty without giving a room to arrogance.

Originality indicates working honestly for oneself. This requires the ability to research and the desire of knowing more about eventualities in order to generate the best of the results.

Out of Box Thinking in order to analyse the trends and situations the  journalist must explore the areas of concern with an open mind and in an impartial way with attributing factors responsible in terms of the magnitude of the problem and always come up with solutions

The journalist is a ‘committed observer’:

Even the most conventional situations should be seen with a different perspective by the journalist as an observer. Being a part of this sector, you need to be equally clear about their role, both to themselves and to the public.

What is the purpose of Journalism?

The purpose of Journalism is not defined by technology, nor by journalists or the techniques do they employ. Rather, the principles and purpose of journalism are defined by something more basic: the function news plays in the lives of people.

News is that part of communication that keeps us informed of the changing events, issues, and characters in the world outside. Though it may be interesting or even entertaining, the foremost value of news is as a utility to empower the uninformed. The purpose of journalism is, thus, to provide citizens with the information they need to make the best possible decisions about their lives, their communities, their societies, and their governments.

Apart from Journalism, Mass Communication offers the youngsters a great deal of career options to choose from accommodating to their creative side.

Advertising is one of the most innovative mediums of communication. The advertising industry in itself is an ocean of opportunities. It provides a scope to everyone ranging from Visualisers, Copywriters, Researchers, Client Servicing Professionals, Brand Consultants, Designers, etc. Public Relations also called PR is an influential sphere of mass communication. Both traditional and digital PR is currently flying high as an industry. Mass communication is the route to many of the avant garde industries such as Alternate media, Photo journalism, Photography, Radio Jockeying and many others. Below the Line activities, Out of Home and Digital Marketing have also emerged as the new communications and marketing trends

Here are a few things you should know about this industry, to help you choose the right career path for you, and start developing all the skills you’ll need to succeed.

All that glitters is not gold

First, a word of caution. If you want to pursue Mass Communication just thinking of it as a glamorous job, you might want to stop right there. The news anchors you admire, the bylines that amaze you and the reporters who you believe get to meet a lot of superstars and celebrities, do plenty of much less dazzling work behind the scenes.

One has to be on toes all the time to meet the pressure of being as aware as possible about everything, even if it is happening in the other sphere of the earth. For the people working in media and related sectors, there is no limitation to the work. It can start early in the morning and can go on till late at night. They might have to work through weekends and holidays. All in all, it is not a cakewalk.

Playing with the words 

You must develop your writing skills right from day one if you want to be successful in this play. Be a wordsmith, the one that everyone would love to have in their organisation. Other than writing for newspapers, developing your writing skills can take you forward in various fields like copy writing for advertisements, blog writing, writing for online media, generating press releases in Public Relations, writing scripts for T.V programs and news. Last but not the least, writing skills can help you set a full fledged career in the print media.

Get that Tech

Keep yourself updated about the latest technologies and get them right. This can place you excellently in the electronic and the online media. Knowing about the latest advancements and tools used in various fields in prior can help you clear your thought about their final implications. Due to the emerging trends of online media and electronic media, it is very effective and helpful to have the knowledge of how to handle a camera and edit audio and video recordings. Though, all this is taught if you pursue mass communication, but being well informed would be a cherry on top. 

There are a few important things to note here. Many students aspiring to work in and for media are not naturally very good with words or voice but a scope of improvement is always there and everything can be worked upon.

A degree in Mass Communication can get you the most glorified and well paid jobs as this sector will not be slowing down anytime soon. Global entertainment and media revenues will continue to grow slightly behind the global GDP, as it always has. Yet, in this seeming sameness dichotomies abound, according to the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII). PWC report or FICCI reports must be highlighted to invigorate the trend analysis of the media growth perspective also. 

These are just basic guidelines about what you can do with a degree in Mass Communication. There is much more to it. For instance, we haven’t even touched the marketing aspect. There is a lot more to this profession, but hopefully this will serve as a helpful reference point for early-stage planning. Pursuing Mass Communication with strongest of the passion and desire will provide an edge to your career for sure. This industry has seen growth in a multi faceted way and will continue doing so.
 

The author is  Dr. D. J. Pati, dean, Academics, at Institute of Management Studies, Noida, one of the leading professional education institutes in the country. He can be reached at dj.pati@imsnoida.com.
 
The Indian aviation industry is on a high-growth trajectory with India likely to become the third-largest aviation market by 2020. With over 700 aircrafts ordered by scheduled carriers, India will need at least 7000 pilots and 1500 cabin crew over the next few years. As of now, Indian airlines are reporting increased profitability, low-cost carriers have placed huge orders for new aircrafts, there are multitude of new airports coming up and FDI flows into domestic airlines have surged. All these factors combined will lead to a sharp spike in demand for trained aviation personnel.

Compensation

A pilot typically starts at a monthly salary of Rs. 2 lakh in India and that figure goes well over Rs. 3.5-4 lakh internationally. Cabin crew salaries start around 40-50,000 in India and scales past 1.5 lakh for international airlines. The starting salary for ground staff is around 12-15,000 in India and ranges from 60-80,000 if you are working for an international airline.

Fee structure for Aviation courses

The fee structure for Aviation courses range from as low as Rs. 25,000 for an introductory course to Rs. 35 lakh for CPL training in USA.

SpeedJet Aviation Academy, India’s only Aviation academy based in Mumbai that has a tie up with Bahrain-based Gulf Aviation Academy, offers multiple flying and ground training courses in the aviation sector. The company has registered a steady growth and, in a short span of time, trained large number of commercial pilots, cabin crew attendants and ground staff, all of whom are placed with various national and international airlines.

The core team at SpeedJet Aviation comprises of experienced airline pilots and senior cabin attendants with a combined flying experience of over 50 years.

SpeedJet Aviation Academy recently signed an MoU with Gulf Aviation Academy to offer Indian students a competitive advantage in the aviation industry that is at par with international norms. This move is a first-of-its-kind for GAA in the Asian market to offer a comprehensive range of structured training programs for all aviation personnel including pilots, cabin crew, engineers and ground staff with training sessions at GAA’s training facility at Bahrain. The academy’s range of training programmes includes CPL Programme, Pre-Pilot Programme (12-15 months), Cabin Crew Programme, Ground Handling Programme and Airbus A320 Type Rating Programme.

The author is Captain Dharamraj Shukla, CEO & director, SpeedJet Aviation.
 
Fire-fighting is a daring and challenging profession which needs plenty of courage and commitment for flawless work. It uses the principles of Engineering and sciences to save people's lives in risky scenarios. Fire-fighters also teach others how to live and safeguard others from hazardous effects of smoke and fire. Fire-fighters design and mount the fire defence systems which helps minimize the consequences of fire. 

Industry Overview: 

Fire-fighting is one of the toughest and challenging professions on this planet. It is an imposing field as it deals with preserving life of many people around. The progress in this sector is growing on day to day basis as numerous people are now becoming conscious of the safety and prevention. Today, more and more people are keen to learn the safety measures so that they can practice it in a crisis scenario. The industry is growing rapidly due to upsurge in requirements of safety. 

Scope of Work:

The fire-fighting field offers numerous options and prospects for those who are fascinated about grasping a new subject and the chance to grow. It is a risky field but it permits one to safeguard others from any hazard. Fire-fighters can opt for either government or private jobs according to their choices. They can also get engaged in other businesses such as chemical or combustible products manufacturing companies like petroleum refineries, textiles, fertilizers, etc. The possibility is enormous in the field of engineering, chemicals, handling bottling plants etc.  

Skills required: 

Communication skills: Fire-fighters must be able to communicate situations and status in a crisis scenario to other fire-fighters and to emergency-response teams. 

Courage: Fire fighters’ everyday duties include risky situations, so plenty of courage is a must.

Decision-making skills: Fire-fighters must be intelligent enough to make quick decisions in case of emergency. The ability to make proper judgments under pressure can save someone’s life. 

Physical stamina: Fire-fighters are require to be present in disaster scenes for extended periods of time to save lives and treat victims. Fighting fires needs a lot of stamina.

Physical strength: Fire-fighters must be robust enough to transport important instrumentation and move wreckages at a disaster site. They must also be capable to move victims who are injured or cannot walk.

Work Atmosphere for Fire-fighters 

As per the National Fire Protection Association, around 69 percent of fire divisions were operated completely by volunteer fire-fighters. Volunteer fire-fighters share similar responsibilities as professional fire-fighters and account for the majority of fire-fighters in numerous areas.

When not working at emergency sites, fire-fighters work at fire stations, where they sleep, eat, and stay on call. When an alarm sounds, fire-fighters answer it irrespective of the conditions or time of day. 

Injuries and Illnesses: Fire-fighters have one of the maximum rates of injuries and infections of all occupations. They frequently deal with risky situations, excluding crumpling floors and walls, rush-hour traffic accidents, and overexposure to flames and smoke. As a consequence, workers must wear defensive gear to help mitigate these risks. Habitually, the defensive gear can be very thick and hot.

Fire-fighter Work Schedules: Fire-fighters naturally work long and wide-ranging hours. Most fire-fighters work 24-hour shifts and are off the subsequent 48 or 72 hours. Some fire-fighters grind 10/14 shifts, which means 10 hours at work and 14 hours off. When battling forest and wild land fires, fire-fighters may work for lengthy periods. For example, the 2016 Uttarakhand Forest Fire Siege took almost a month of constant effort by National Disaster Response Force and fire-fighters to control the fire.

Role and responsibilities of a fire-fighter officer:

1. Safeguard the security of the employees by making them conscious of the probable accidents through informative seminars. 

2. Make them aware about the practice of numerous safety gadgets through illustrative sessions. Making them attentive of accidents through security posters etc

3. Safeguarding that the actions are put into exercise by the employees

4. In a nutshell, the job involves teaching them the Do’s and Don’ts at the workstation. 

Training

Practical training will be prearranged as per the industry norms. Substantial importance is given to hands-on training in this course. Aspirants need to do ‘On the Job Training’ in numerous firms for which study centre helps the contenders so that their placements can be done properly after accomplishment of the curriculum with Hands-on Training experience. 

Career Options as a Fire-fighters: 

A course in fire-fighting management can open doors to exceptional career opportunities, some of which are as follows: 

Fire Safety Officer 

Fire Safety Instructor 

Fire Safety Engineers 

Design Engineer fire protection 

Estimation Engineer Fire protection 

Fire Alarm Technician

Fire protection technician 

How to Become a Fire-fighter:

Fire-fighters normally require a high school diploma and training in substitute medical services. Potential fire-fighters must pass written and aptitude tests, with a personal interview which is followed by a practical training at a fire academy for an emergency medical specialist (EMT) certification.

Fire-fighter Education: The entry-level education required to become a fire-fighter is a high school diploma or alike. Though, some class work further than high school, such as trauma care, is generally required to achieve the emergency medical technician (EMT) elementary certification. EMT necessities vary by city and state.

Fire-fighter Training:

Entry-level fire-fighters get a few months of exercise at fire academies run by the fire department or by the state. Through classroom teaching and hands-on training, recruits study fire-fighting and fire-prevention methods, narrow building codes, and emergency medical techniques. They also study how to fight fires with normal equipment, comprising axes, chain saws, fire extinguishers, and ladders. After joining a fire academy, fire-fighters must customarily complete a provisional period.

Some fire departments offer alified internship programmes that last up to 4 years. These programmes aggregate technical training with on-the-job-training under the direction of qualified fire-fighters. In addition to enrolling in training programmes accompanied by local or state fire divisions and agencies, some fire-fighters join centralised training sessions supported by the National Fire Academy. These exercise sessions address topics comprising anti-arson methods, disaster awareness, dangerous materials control, and community fire safety and education.

Documentations and Certifications: Normally, fire-fighters must be certified as emergency medical technicians at the EMT-Basic level. In tally, some fire subdivisions need fire-fighters to be proficient as an EMT-Paramedic. The National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) endorses EMTs and paramedics. Both levels of NREMT authorization need finishing a exercise or education program and passing the nationwide exam. EMTs and paramdeics may work with fire-fighters at the sight of accidents. 

Some states have compulsory or charitable fire-fighter training and certification programs. The National Fire Academy also offers an Executive Fire Officer certification. To be eligible for the post of Fire officer a fire-fighters required a bachelor's degree.

Remuneration:

Fire Safety management is one of the highly paid careers in India as well as overseas. In India, preliminary salaries vary among Rs.15000 to 20000 per month. Outside India, it varies between Rs. 65000 to Rs. 80000 on a monthly basis. Salary for fire safety specialists differ by industry and knowledge level. Those working in more hazardous industrial organisations like oil and gas mining companies, chemical companies etc earn higher salary compared to others. 

Institutes offering fire-fighting courses in India: 

Council of Education and Development Programmes (CEDP Skill Institute), Mumbai

National Academy of Fire and Safety Engineering (NAFS), Nagpur

Institute of Fire & Safety Management Dehradun 

National Institute of fire Engineering & Safety Management, Jaipur 

The author is Shaheen Khan, founder director of Council of Education & Development Programmes (CEDP) Skill Institute, Mumbai.