Ahmedabad is also known as Amdavad, is the largest city and former capital of Gujarat state. As Gurajat High Court is in Ahmedabad, it is also called as judicial capital of Gujarat. The city’s population is more than 5.5 million and it is the fifth largest city and seventh largest metropolitan area of India. The languages spoken are Gujarati, Hindi and English. Ahmedabad is located on the banks of the river Sabarmati, 32 km from the state capital Gandhinagar.
Though incorporated into the Bombay Presidency during British rule, Ahmedabad remained one of the most important cities of Gujarat region. The city established itself as the home of a developing textile industry, which earned it the nickname the Manchester of the East.
The city has large population of both Hindus and Jains, and these cultures are preeminent in the city, with their religious festivals and cuisine dominating the city’s culture. After the independence, modern buildings appeared in Ahmedabad. The man-made Lake kankaria, built in 1451 AD, is one of the biggest lakes in Ahmedabad. It has an approximate circumference of 2.3 km and 34 sides, and is located in the southern part of the city in Maninagar.
In the 19th century, the textile and garments industry received strong capital investment. On 30 May 1861, Ranchhodlas Chotalal founded the first Indian textile mill, the Ahmedabad Spinning and Weaving Company Limited, followed by the establishment of a serried of textile mills such as the Calico mills, Bagicha mills and Arvind mills. By 1905 there were about 33 textile mills in the city. The textile industry further expanded rapidly during the First World War, and benefited from the influence of Mahatma gandhi’s Swadeshi movement, which promoted the purchase of Indian-made goods.
The majority of schools are affiliated with the Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board. The Gujarat Vidyapith was established in 1920 by Mahatma Gandhi without a charted from the British Raj and became a deemed university in 1963. The Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad ranked as the top business school in India according to the Business Today.
Cricket is one of the popular sports in the city. It hosted the 1987, 1996 and 2011 Cricket World cups. A five time winner of the World Professional Billiards Championship Geet Sethi, a recipient of India’s highest sporting award, the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna, is from Ahmedabad.