Ootacamund, officially called as Udhagamandalam sometimes abbreviated to Udhagai or Ooty, is the capital of Nilgiris district in Tamil Nadu state. Ootacamund is a popular hill station nestled in the Nilgiris Hills. The town’s economy is based on tourism and agriculture, besides manufacturing of medicines and photographic films. The town is connected to the rest of India by road and rail, and its historic location and natural beauty attract tourists from all parts of the country.
Though Ooty is known for tea cultivation, this crop is no longer grown nor processed here. Coonoor and Kotagiri are the local centers for tea cultivation and processing.
As of 2001, Ootacamund had a population of 93,921 and the average literacy rate was 80 percent, higher than the national average of 59.5 percent. Being a popular tourist spot, English, Kannada, Malayalam and Hindi are also spoken besides the main language, Tamil.
Boarding schools have been a characteristic feature of Ooty since the days of the British Raj. The facilities and quality of education provided by these schools are considered amongst the biggest in India which explains their popularity amongst the elite of India and its neighbouring countries. Hebron School, The Lawrence School and Good Shepherd International School are some of the premier schools located in Ooty.