Science & scientists for children

EducationWorld November 2022 | Books Magazine

THEY FOUND WHAT? STORIES OF DARING DISCOVERIES BY INDIAN SCIENTISTS

THEY MADE WHAT? STORIES OF INGENIOUS INVENTIONS BY INDIAN SCIENTISTS

Shweta Taneja; HACHETTE INDIA; Rs.399; 288 pp

HERE’S A wel­come addition to popular-science writing for children in India. Shweta Taneja, the author, is passionate about familiarising children with the wonders of modern science and scientists, and has been doing so effec­tively. She has won several awards for her books and the one under review has been much appreciated as well.

They found what? com­prises 20 stories of Indian scientists pursuing their chosen fields and success­fully overcoming barriers to arrive at their eureka moment. Most of these scientists are alive today and working. Through this book, Taneja has made contemporary science research in India acces­sible to young readers and adults, something to be welcomed.

They found what? All types of things! Sanjeev Das, a biochemist, found ways to eliminate cancer cells; Manindra Agrawal, a professor at IIT-Kanpur, succeeded in making an equation for primality test­ing (something that had long eluded mathemati­cians); S.P. Vijayakumar, an ecologist discovered a frog that established a whole new genus, and so on.

They made what? Again, a whole lot of things and much of it at a microscopic level: Ramgo­pal Rao made an electronic dog using nanotechnol­ogy to sniff out bombs; Divya Mudappa created a rainforest in the middle of a tea estate; Sonam, an engineer, discovered ice glaciers to solve Ladakh’s water woes, and so on.

The biggest challenge in writing a book about scien­tific advances is to make it interesting to capture the imagination of children. Moreover, in a world flooded with scientific in­formation on the internet, one has to write a book that offers something more than a dry compilation of facts. Thankfully, this book is more than a description of scientific breakthroughs and achievements; it is also about the people who made them happen.

How does a child get interested in an idea and decide to follow it for the rest of her life? How does she find the path that would take her to fulfill her aim? How does the world help people who have a dream to follow? It is these questions that propel the reader towards an exciting finish. The author knits to­gether the personalities of these scientists with their backgrounds and culture to create stories with rich human interest. At times, her prose becomes lyrical and evocative, which is unusual in non-fiction.

For instance, “math­ematics was an old haveli to Manindra. He would be sitting in a room full of people and his brain would fling open the door to an unused room, filled with images of equations, numbers, symbols and signs. A fresh idea or equa­tion would beckon him as he stepped into the room, following its trail.”

Although the author has tried to keep the narration free from jargon, the text becomes challenging in parts. It assumes that the reader has a certain level of knowledge and familiarity with scientific terminology and concepts, which may not be the case. To be fair, annotations are plentiful, but the challenge remains.

Additional and interest­ing information related to the topic in his/her hand is boxed and liberally scattered throughout the book. While this intent is good, it impedes the flow of the narrative. Perhaps, the information could have come at the end of each story. Activities that help children to understand complex scientific concepts and engage with them cre­atively also abound. How­ever, too many activities and boxes are distracting.

The editor and author have made a spirited at­tempt to make the book light and engaging by inserting humour through Batty Cat Cracks and Hor­rible Haiku. But these two elements don’t match the level of the scientific con­tent, being more apt for a younger reader. Foxy Facts on the other hand fit in.

One of the challenges of writing about contempo­rary scientists is that their work may be questioned tomorrow. To the author’s credit, she has taken the challenge. Several scien­tists who feature in the book have been recipients of awards like the Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar and Infosys awards. It’s good for young readers to learn about these honours be­stowed in India.

People who research children’s literature are increasingly opining that more non-fiction should be included in children’s reading lists, as it is as en­gaging as fiction. “Children want non-fiction books, adults may be their barri­ers,” says Heather Simp­son, chief program officer of Room to Read.

Non-fiction engages children with the real world which is exciting for them. For this reason, more books such as They made what? should be written for children.

NEERA JAIN (The Book Review)

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