Careers after class 12: Medical Science

Industry: Medicine

What is Medical Science?

Medical science is the sector of health science concerned with maintaining human health and managing the diagnosis, prognosis, prevention, treatment or palliation of patients’ injuries and diseases. It is an area of knowledge (a science of body systems, their diseases and treatments) as well as the applied practice of the knowledge. Medical sciences encompass a variety of specialized sub-branches such as cardiology, neurology, biomedical research, genetics, etc. which aim at the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of illnesses.

Job Description

  • Responsibilities of a medical professional include diagnosing and treating medical conditions, disorders and diseases through the application of specialist medical skills and knowledge
  • Assessing and planning treatment requirements and performing surgical procedures and operations
  • Undertaking patient consultations and physical examinations and prescribing lab tests and interpreting test results
  • Monitoring and administering medication and maintaining medical records

Eligibility and Courses
Class 12

Science with PCB (Physics, Chemistry and Biology) or PCMB (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Biology)

Under Graduate Courses

  • Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (M.B.B.S.)
  • Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery (B.U.M.S.)
  • Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (B.H.M.S.)
  • Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicines and Surgery (B.A.M.S.)
  • B.Sc. in Medical Technology | Operation Theatre Technology | Cardiac Technology |Neuro Technology

Career Profiles

Career Profiles Medical Science

Top 5 Institutes for Medical Science courses

1. Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry

Value for Money- 5/5

Bachelor Courses- B.Sc. in Neuro Technology

Tenure- 3 years


2. All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Delhi

Value for Money- 4.9/5

Bachelor Courses- Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (M.B.B.S.)

Tenure- 5 years


3. Christian Medical College, Vellore

Value for Money- 4.4/5

Bachelor Courses- B.Sc. in Cardiac Technology

Tenure- 3 years


4. SRM Institute of Science and Technology (SRMIST), Chennai

Value for Money- 4/5

Bachelor Courses- B.Sc. in Operation Theatre and Anaesthesia Technology

Tenure- 3 years


5. Institute of Medical Sciences, Benares Hindu University (IMS BHU), Varanasi

Value for Money- 4/5

Bachelor Courses- Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (B.A.M.S.)

Tenure- 5.5 years


Career Progression

Career Progression Medical Science


Pay Medical Science

Expert View

Rabia Karani

“The most important piece of any clinical interaction is the doctor-patient relationship… speaking with the family and keeping them involved was the most valuable asset I was able to provide.”

— Rabia Karani,
Resident physician in ophthalmology at Columbia
University Medical Centre

William James Mayo“The glory of medicine is that it is constantly moving forward, that there is always more to learn. The ills of today do not cloud the horizon of tomorrow, but act as a spur to a greater effect.”

— William James Mayo,
American physician and surgeon, one of the
principal founders of the Mayo Clinic

Also read: Careers after class XII: Biotechnology

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