Carved out of 13 Himalayan districts of Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand (pop.10 million) became the 27th state of the Indian Union in November 2000. Divided into the Garhwal and Kumaon regions, Uttarakhand borders Tibet to the north, Nepal to the east, Uttar Pradesh to the south and Himachal Pradesh to the west.
Sited in the Doon Valley in the foothills of the Himalayas, Uttarakhand’s admin capital Dehradun (pop. 690,586) is famed for its salubrious weather and K-12 institutions of national repute especially top-ranked boarding schools such as The Doon School, Welham Boys, Welham Girls, and Rashtriya Indian Military College. The state’s other colonial-era hill stations — Nainital and Mussoorie — also host nationally reputed residential schools such as Woodstock, St. George’s College, Wynberg Allen, Convent of Jesus & Mary (Mussoorie) and Sherwood College and Birla Vidya Mandir (Nainital).
Hosting India’s second fastest growing economy (10 percent, with a projected GDP of Rs.2.63 lakh crore in 2019-20), Uttarakhand is a leading producer of agricultural crops such as Basmati rice, wheat, soya bean, pulses, and oil seeds. Apples, oranges, pears, peaches, lychees, and plums among other fruits are widely grown and contribute to the state’s flourishing food processing industry. Other key industries include tourism, hydropower, IT, biotechnology, pharmaceuticals and automobiles.
The state has also successfully developed three integrated industrial estates at Haridwar, Pantnagar, and Sitarganj; Pharma City at Selaqui; Information Technology Park at Sahastradhara (Dehradun) and a growth centre at Sigaddi (Kotdwara).